Archive for the ‘Art’ Category

A passion for trees

February 4, 2012

ROBERT MARCHESSAULT at the Bau Xi Gallery, Vancouver, March 3 to 24, 2012

By Janet Nicol

When Robert Marchessault and his partner moved from Toronto to a farm in the countryside in the 1990s, his long-held passion for trees found new direction. This exhibition shows 15 of his new oil paintings on wooden panels, all ethereal renderings of those trees. “These are not photograph-based,” Marchessault emphasizes. “I use memory as a filtering agent. I train myself to look hard at the trees and at what impresses me. Time goes by and I begin to paint the tree from what I can remember. Memory plays a big role but I am not slavish about memory. I study ways the tree lives and grows, how it branches, moves through space in foliage and form. Then I begin big gestural paintings, and memory informs what emerges.” Marchessault’s love of trees was partly inspired by an Ontario government no-cost tree-planting initiative. He and his partner planted 7,000 saplings on their farm in 1984. He now looks out on to 50-foot-high pines. “You take on a nurturing of the land,” Marchessault says of his private forest. “You’re introducing life and protecting it. This feeling of love drives a passion for art.” Marchessault has also become intrigued by representing water as a foil to trees. New paintings of tree-covered islands appeal to him because they seem ‘mysterious.’

-Reprinted from Galleries West magazine, January 2012


The Life and Art of Mildred Valley Thornton

November 26, 2011

The Life and Art of Mildred Valley Thornton, Sheryl Salloum. Mother Tongue Publishing Limited, Salt Spring Island, 2011. 158 pp $35.95

Reviewed by Janet Nicol

A unique story not to be overlooked, The Life and Art of Mildred Valley Thornton, is the fourth biography in a series of “Unheralded Artists of British Columbia.” Author Sheryl Salloum lovingly portrays Mildred Valley Thornton (1890 to 1967) from her early years in rural Ontario to her unconventional married life in Vancouver. Accompanying the text are several of Thornton’s masterful oil and watercolour paintings as well as family photographs.

Thornton’s legacy includes more than 300 portraits, most of First Nations people. She befriended and learned from her subjects and came to advocate on their behalf. Asked why she chose to paint First Nations people over other groups, Thornton simply said she considered them more interesting.

Several male aboriginal leaders sat for Thornton, but she also painted aboriginal women and vivid scenes of life on the reserves. Thornton painted quickly, as the author explains, skilfully capturing the spirit of her subjects. She felt an urgency to document what she feared was a disappearing way of life. This notion also compelled Thornton to share her paintings and knowledge of First Nations culture and traditions through writing and speaking engagements.

Thornton also painted Canadian landscapes. A few are compared favourably to Group of Seven artist Tom Thomson. Indeed, Thornton was “as Canadian as wheat,” as a contemporary commented.

She lived in a time of of domestic conformity for women, yet histories (such as this book) continue to emerge to indicate exceptions. Thornton was supported by her husband, John who shared in the raising of their twin sons Maitland and Jack, born in 1926, freeing her to spend time to paint and travel. Thornton was also involved with the Vancouver literary community after her family moved here from Saskatchewan in 1934 and was an art critic for the Vancouver Sun from 1944 to 1959.

Another unconventional woman of the times was Maisie Hurley, with whom Thornton befriended. Hurley began publishing The Native Voice newspaper in 1946 and Thornton was an occasional contributor.

Emily Carr was also a contemporary of Thornton’s with a similar interest in aboriginal culture. A quality which separates these artists, the author points out, is Thornton’s sociability and interest of other people. Perhaps because of this, unlike Carr, Thornton portrayed people in her art to the end of her life. The author observes that a male-dominated art world meant: “…the two most talented and independent female BC painters of the day never collaborated or celebrated their achievements; instead,they were forced to compete with one another.”

A wealth of source materials, detailed in extensive endnotes, allowed the author to successfully trace much of Thornton’s life, from her art school days in the mid-west of the United States to her final days as a widow in Vancouver’s Kerrisdale neighbourhood. Interviews with family members including a son, Jack Thornton, now living in Victoria, and two grandchildren Janet and John Thornton, enrich this story as well.

The author explores the reasons acclaim eluded Thornton, garnering viewpoints from members of the art community, past and present. Among her findings, Salloum notes Canadians tend to undervalue portraiture in favour of landscapes. The author also addresses the racial politics of Thornton’s (and others) art work in a sensitive and informed manner and considers its impact on Thornton’s legacy.

While in declining health in her final days, Thornton struggled to find an appropriate public space in Canada for her paintings. She didn’t want her collection broken up or sold to private collectors. The outcome of her efforts is yet another compelling story the author reveals in the concluding pages. Ultimately, the value given to Thornton’s work reflects who we are as Canadians as much as it reflects the reputation of this accomplished artist.

Reprinted from BC History , Winter, 2011

Watch for my interview with Mona Fertig, Mother Tongue Publishing, in Galleries West magazine, January 2012.


September 20, 2011

Slipstitch, Jackie Frioud and Judy Robertson exhibit, September 2 to October 4, Circle Craft Gallery, Vancouver

by Janet Nicol

Jackie Frioud’s stitch-design ceramics complement narrative hooked rugs by Judy Robertson in a show called Slipstitch, at Circle Craft in Vancouver. “I was attracted to pottery as a functional form,” says Frioud, “even though my fine arts degree is in printmaking and sculpture.” She began by creating jewelry boxes, plate sets and other functional forms of white pottery. With a slip-coloured clay, she’s added a blue ‘stitching’ motif on each form. “I’ve sewn in the past and I always liked the stitching pattern used in printmaking,” she says, adding that her designs are influenced by a minimalist, Japanese aesthetic. “I began making multiple slabs to form one piece,” Frioud says. “I realized my pottery, based on function, was now becoming sculpture.” She shares a childhood in the Okanagan with Robertson, and says the muted colours of Robertson’s hooked rugs complement her white porcelains. “Words are embroidered into the fabric before she hooks,” she says. “The text has hidden meanings, giving a subversive element to the rugs.”

Reprinted from Galleries West magazine, Fall, 2011

Cold War Artefacts

September 20, 2011


Gil McElroy and Peter Dykhuis, Cold War Artefacts: Logroad: The Baldy Hughes Project, July 15 to October 9, Two Rivers Gallery, Prince George

By Janet Nicol

“I was an army brat,” artist and writer Gil McElroy says. “My father was one of the ‘cold warriors’ in the 1950s.” The Pinetree Line was one of three cross-country arrays of manned radar stations guarding against Soviet attack, and McElroy’s father worked on bases from coast to coast. Some buildings and artefacts of the period remain — including the Baldy Hughes Air Station in Prince George, and now McElroy and collaborating artist Peter Dykhuis have created installations about the Station, the second in a series of four Cold War exhibitions. “A wall of text provides a timeline of the history of the U.S.-built and manned site,” McElroy says. “It was a boring history until the Cuban Missile Crisis came along and things got exciting at the station for a very short time.” The exhibition also includes collages, maps and drawings. McElroy says many bases were either dismantled or simply abandoned and left to decay, and only a handful, including the Prince George site, were re-purposed. “Nobody remembers this time or wants to remember,” McElroy says. “But these military sites existed and shaped the fabric of our communities.”

Re-printed from Galleries West, Fall, 2011.

Unseen Silkscreens

May 10, 2011

May 20 to May 24, 2011, Pegasus Art Gallery and ArtSpring, Salt Spring Island

by Janet Nicol

Lawren Harris, Algoma Lake, silkscreen, c. 1945, 30″ X 40″.

Unseen Silkscreens is a unique historical collection of prints initiated by the Sampson-Matthews graphic arts company in the midst of war. An important contribution to the Canadian art scene from 1941 to 1963, the prints have been gathering dust in attics and institution storage rooms for many decades since. But with this upcoming exhibit, a West Coast curator hopes to bring them back into the light.

“These prints were a complete cross-section of our most prestigious artists,” says Ian Sigvaldason, owner and curator of Pegasus art gallery on Salt Spring Island. “At the time, the art was considered modern, even avant-garde.” He says collectors are just starting to realize the works’ significance. As the value of the original paintings rise, so does the value of the prints, he says. Sigvaldason’s show will consist of about 50 silkscreen prints, several by Group of Seven artists as well as West Coast painters including Emily Carr and B.C. Binning.

A total of 89 silkscreen prints were produced over a 22-year period under the direction of Ernest Sampson, a pioneer of silkscreen printing in Canada, and his partner Charles Matthews. Artists hired by Sampson-Matthews, like Franklin Carmichael and A.J. Casson, made a ‘translation’ of the original onto silkscreen. It was an exacting process, and eventually became obsolete as inexpensive photographic reproduction emerged, Sigvaldason says. By 1963 the unique print-making project had run its course.

“Making a translation of the painting, cutting the silks and running them through the oil pigments was labour-intensive,” Sigvaldason says. “The staff averaged a print run of three paintings a year.”

The struggles of the Depression era inspired the make work initiative, and it was supported by the federal government and the National Gallery of Canada. “Artists had a hard time making money, and people didn’t have the money to buy art,” Sigvaldason explains. Compelled to focus on their day jobs, he says many artists worked as etchers, engravers and printmakers. Emily Carr ran a boarding house and E.J. Hughes became a postal worker.

“This project was a way for them to gain exposure and earn royalties on the prints,” Sigvaldason adds. Prints were sold through the gallery to banks, railway stations, libraries, schools and other public spaces across Canada. “Baby boomers will remember these prints from their school days.”

Prints also covered the walls in military posts overseas during the war years. Images depicting landscape and people from every region of the nation boosted Canadian soldiers’ morale. “It was the first real exposure to mass popular national identity,” Sigvaldason says. “It gave the message to soldiers, ‘this is what you’re fighting for.’ There was a propaganda feature to the project.”

The prints made art more accessible to the public, and more affordable. “Eighty per cent of Canadians lived in rural communities during those years. People had never seen this art or had only seen it in black and white. This was an exciting national project.”

Some prints, such as Isabelle McLaughlin’s Blossom Time didn’t sell well at the time, so print runs were limited, Sigvaldason says. Others, such as A.Y. Jackson’s landscapes were in high demand, leading to several print runs and financially well-compensated artists. But even if the rewards were modest, artists were eager to have their work reproduced, and hundreds applied.

Many of the original paintings, dating from 1906 to the early 1960s, now hang in the National Gallery of Canada, the Art Gallery of Ontario, and the McMichael Canadian Art Collection, and Sigvaldason is now creating a database to share information about the reproductions. “We’ve overlooked these prints for so long,” he says. “This was public-sponsored public art. The collection is a major part of Canadian history.”

Reprinted from Galleries West magazine, Summer 2011

Wisdom of the Children

February 26, 2011


A Unique Art Gallery in Cusco, Peru

By Janet Nicol

After working alongside colleagues on a project sponsored by the BC Teachers’ Federation in Peru last summer, I travelled to the world heritage site of Machu Picchu. Along the way, I found the Wisdom of the Children, known as Irq’i Yachay in the Quechuan language.

This is the name given to a unique children’s art gallery in downtown Cusco, starting point for tourists heading to the famous mountain ruins. The gallery showcases art created by indigenous children living in isolated mountain communities. These primary-age students are taught by Laura Russell and a staff of about a dozen Peruvian teachers. A film documenting the methodology used and showing the children painting, is also part of the exhibit.

“The children manifest cultural messages,” Russell, a professional art teacher and founder of the workshops, says in a telephone interview from her part-time residence in California. “They have their own way of seeing.” She says students’ paintings reflect the wide open spaces of the Andes, the symbolic condor, and their ancient mountain deity.

“We discovered the cognitive abilities in children were unrecognized by educators,” Russell says. “For instance, these children have a strong sense of design, learned by observation.”

The temporary exhibit I visited proves Russell’s point. Textile art designs filled the walls, painted in vibrant colors. Watching elders weave designs passed down through generations, children are able to express their observations with a paintbrush.

Russell says her workshop team does not “teach” art. For example, lessons in perspective are not offered. Instead students learn how to use a paintbrush and to thicken or thin out the paint—and then, without further instruction, they start creating.

The team of educators travel throughout the rugged Andes, recruiting volunteers to assist them in selected communities. While the culture of the Quechua people living around Cusco is still remarkably intact, Russell says the children are underserved by the nation’s education system.

“We found there was a vacuum in the education system,” Russell says. “The school curriculum does not pertain to the children’s daily lives.”

Russell was making a tourist pilgrimage along the Inca trail more than 20 years ago when she became interested in exploring the artistic potential of the local children. Her ideas turned into a project in 1991, and after building a team of trained teachers, the group set out to teach in 31 communities. The Cusco art gallery was started eight years later, with funding coming from Inter American Foundation. (Gallery website:

By using art, Russell says all forms of knowledge can be transmitted to children.

“We tell students to create a circle on paper and to divide it into eight parts. Then color what you want,” she says, describing a basic math lesson on fractions.

Children can choose a letter of the alphabet and draw a gigantic version of the letter, along with a frame. “Draw pictures of things that start with this letter around the frame,” Russell says, depicting a language lesson.

“The point is to give the students an opportunity for self-expression. This leads to self-esteem and self-respect.” Everyone benefits, Russell believes. “This includes community volunteers, who are typically men,” she adds, “as women have less time to offer.”

“It’s a participatory form of education. The students don’t just copy.”

These innovative teachers are now working on integrating their methods into a regional curriculum. “It’s all about working from the ground up,” Russell says.

Reprinted from Teacher magazine, March, 2011

Entwined Histories

January 29, 2011

BRITISH COLUMBIA: Entwined Histories: The Maisie Hurley Collection, January 23 to August 23, North Vancouver Museum

BY: Janet Nicol

Though she wasn’t Native, Maisie Hurley (1887-1962) spent most of her career as an advocate for B.C.’s Aboriginal people, invited to join the Native Brotherhood of B.C., and founder of the Native Voice newspaper. Throughout the years, Hurley received many gifts from Native leaders in recognition of her advocacy work, and the gifts form the basis of an exhibition of artifacts and artworks from Squamish and Coast Salish cultures at the North Vancouver Museum. The collection includes a blanket made of mountain goat wool and another, more mysterious fibre. Tested at the University of Victoria, researchers discovered the fibres were from a unique breed of “wool dog” raised by the Coast Salish until the 1860s, dating the blanket from before the main period of contact. The Museum is exhibiting the blanket with a new blanket by Squamish weaver Keith Nahanee, and cedar bark regalia made by Nahanee’s cousin Tracy Williams. Co-curators Sharon Fortney and Damara Jacobs will also incorporate oral history interviews and videos with Squamish Nation elders into the exhibition, which will later tour B.C. and form the basis of a book to be published by the Squamish.

This image taken near Jericho Charlie’s home at Senákw, the Kitsilano Indian Reserve, on August 15, 1891, was the inspiration for three pastel portraits by Maisie Armytage-Moore.
Photo Courtesy of City of Vancouver Archives.

Reprinted from Galleries West, January 2011

The Squamish Lil’wat Cultural Centre

April 18, 2010

Great Spaces

by Janet Nicol

Among the trendy condos and hotel resorts at Whistler village
is a cedar and glass complex built into a landscaped hillside,
housing the cultural and historical treasures of two First Nations
groups, the Squamish and the Lil’wat. “The two nations have
overlapping territory in the Whistler area, and there were on-going
disputes,” says operations coordinator Josh Anderson. “In the end,
we decided to build a centre together.” He adds that combining
two First Nations groups under one roof is a unique concept.
Begun in 2001 and opened two years ago, the Squamish
Lil’wat Cultural Centre’s activities picked up speed when the
Olympics came to town this year — they represent two of the
four host First Nations in the area, so there were cultural events
on throughout the Olympics.

The Centre was designed by Vancouver architect Alfred
Waugh, with a focus on natural and sustainable materials. Visitors
are greeted by two carved welcoming figures before entering
through large cedar doors. Natural light
streams through the windowed
Great Hall, designed in the form of a traditional Squamish
Longhouse and decorated with massive models of hand-carved
cedar spindle whorls, a celebration of the Sqamish weaving heritage.
The hall is filled with cultural artifacts, including authentic
dugout canoes, and wool and cedar weavings.

The neighbouring Istken Hall is designed to evoke the traditional
underground dwellings of the Lil’wat people, a circular
space with a dramatic backdrop of forest and mountain scenery,
and a living roof. The space hosts artists’ workshops — carving,
weaving, drum-making — temporary exhibitions, and activities
for the Centre’s artist-in-residence program. A recent exhibition
included a canoe carved in 1975 by Charlie Mack Seymour, a
revered Lil’wat cultural leader and teacher, and a youth photography
exhibition displayed images on the theme of biodiversity.

Display pieces are all described in English, and the Squamish and
Lil’wat languages. “The Centre plays a key role in our cultural
revitalization,” Anderson says. “We’re teaching future generations
how we’ve lived.”

Reprinted from Galleries West, Spring 2010

Linocuts of Labour and Life – Sybil Andrews’ art

November 30, 2008


Patterns of Labour and Life

by Janet Nicol

When B.C. artist Sybil Andrews passed by a window of a cafe near her Campbell River home on Vancouver Island, she saw more than four men simply having a cup of coffee. “It made an exciting picture.”

So begins an article about printmaker Sybil Andrews (1898 – 1992) in the Winter 2008 issue of “Our Times.”   Andrews’ early artistic and political influences in Britain are recalled, followed by a description of Andrews’ new life after emigrating to Canada with her husband Walter Morgan.   Former art students and community members of Campbell River, active in preserving the Andrews-Morgan home, are also interviewed.




Sophie Pemberton – An Early BC artist

August 26, 2008

pembby Janet Nicol

Sophie Pemberton, a contemporary of Emily Carr, was born and raised
in Victoria, BC. An accomplished artist, her long life, lived on three continents, is a compelling story.

For a reference only to the article, on Artichoke magazine site: